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0001 Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Creative Commons 0002 Corporation ("Creative Commons") is not a law firm and does not provide legal 0003 services or legal advice. Distribution of Creative Commons public licenses 0004 does not create a lawyer-client or other relationship. Creative Commons makes 0005 its licenses and related information available on an "as-is" basis. Creative 0006 Commons gives no warranties regarding its licenses, any material licensed 0007 under their terms and conditions, or any related information. Creative Commons 0008 disclaims all liability for damages resulting from their use to the fullest 0009 extent possible. 0010 0011 Using Creative Commons Public Licenses 0012 0013 Creative Commons public licenses provide a standard set of terms and conditions 0014 that creators and other rights holders may use to share original works of 0015 authorship and other material subject to copyright and certain other rights 0016 specified in the public license below. The following considerations are for 0017 informational purposes only, are not exhaustive, and do not form part of our 0018 licenses. 0019 0020 Considerations for licensors: Our public licenses are intended for use by 0021 those authorized to give the public permission to use material in ways otherwise 0022 restricted by copyright and certain other rights. Our licenses are irrevocable. 0023 Licensors should read and understand the terms and conditions of the license 0024 they choose before applying it. Licensors should also secure all rights necessary 0025 before applying our licenses so that the public can reuse the material as 0026 expected. Licensors should clearly mark any material not subject to the license. 0027 This includes other CC-licensed material, or material used under an exception 0028 or limitation to copyright. More considerations for licensors : wiki.creativecommons.org/Considerations_for_licensors 0029 0030 Considerations for the public: By using one of our public licenses, a licensor 0031 grants the public permission to use the licensed material under specified 0032 terms and conditions. If the licensor's permission is not necessary for any 0033 reason–for example, because of any applicable exception or limitation to copyright–then 0034 that use is not regulated by the license. Our licenses grant only permissions 0035 under copyright and certain other rights that a licensor has authority to 0036 grant. Use of the licensed material may still be restricted for other reasons, 0037 including because others have copyright or other rights in the material. A 0038 licensor may make special requests, such as asking that all changes be marked 0039 or described. 0040 0041 Although not required by our licenses, you are encouraged to respect those 0042 requests where reasonable. More considerations for the public : wiki.creativecommons.org/Considerations_for_licensees 0043 0044 Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Public License 0045 0046 By exercising the Licensed Rights (defined below), You accept and agree to 0047 be bound by the terms and conditions of this Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 0048 4.0 International Public License ("Public License"). To the extent this Public 0049 License may be interpreted as a contract, You are granted the Licensed Rights 0050 in consideration of Your acceptance of these terms and conditions, and the 0051 Licensor grants You such rights in consideration of benefits the Licensor 0052 receives from making the Licensed Material available under these terms and 0053 conditions. 0054 0055 Section 1 – Definitions. 0056 0057 a. Adapted Material means material subject to Copyright and Similar Rights 0058 that is derived from or based upon the Licensed Material and in which the 0059 Licensed Material is translated, altered, arranged, transformed, or otherwise 0060 modified in a manner requiring permission under the Copyright and Similar 0061 Rights held by the Licensor. For purposes of this Public License, where the 0062 Licensed Material is a musical work, performance, or sound recording, Adapted 0063 Material is always produced where the Licensed Material is synched in timed 0064 relation with a moving image. 0065 0066 b. Adapter's License means the license You apply to Your Copyright and Similar 0067 Rights in Your contributions to Adapted Material in accordance with the terms 0068 and conditions of this Public License. 0069 0070 c. BY-SA Compatible License means a license listed at creativecommons.org/compatiblelicenses, 0071 approved by Creative Commons as essentially the equivalent of this Public 0072 License. 0073 0074 d. Copyright and Similar Rights means copyright and/or similar rights closely 0075 related to copyright including, without limitation, performance, broadcast, 0076 sound recording, and Sui Generis Database Rights, without regard to how the 0077 rights are labeled or categorized. For purposes of this Public License, the 0078 rights specified in Section 2(b)(1)-(2) are not Copyright and Similar Rights. 0079 0080 e. Effective Technological Measures means those measures that, in the absence 0081 of proper authority, may not be circumvented under laws fulfilling obligations 0082 under Article 11 of the WIPO Copyright Treaty adopted on December 20, 1996, 0083 and/or similar international agreements. 0084 0085 f. Exceptions and Limitations means fair use, fair dealing, and/or any other 0086 exception or limitation to Copyright and Similar Rights that applies to Your 0087 use of the Licensed Material. 0088 0089 g. License Elements means the license attributes listed in the name of a Creative 0090 Commons Public License. The License Elements of this Public License are Attribution 0091 and ShareAlike. 0092 0093 h. Licensed Material means the artistic or literary work, database, or other 0094 material to which the Licensor applied this Public License. 0095 0096 i. Licensed Rights means the rights granted to You subject to the terms and 0097 conditions of this Public License, which are limited to all Copyright and 0098 Similar Rights that apply to Your use of the Licensed Material and that the 0099 Licensor has authority to license. 0100 0101 j. Licensor means the individual(s) or entity(ies) granting rights under this 0102 Public License. 0103 0104 k. Share means to provide material to the public by any means or process that 0105 requires permission under the Licensed Rights, such as reproduction, public 0106 display, public performance, distribution, dissemination, communication, or 0107 importation, and to make material available to the public including in ways 0108 that members of the public may access the material from a place and at a time 0109 individually chosen by them. 0110 0111 l. Sui Generis Database Rights means rights other than copyright resulting 0112 from Directive 96/9/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 0113 March 1996 on the legal protection of databases, as amended and/or succeeded, 0114 as well as other essentially equivalent rights anywhere in the world. 0115 0116 m. You means the individual or entity exercising the Licensed Rights under 0117 this Public License. Your has a corresponding meaning. 0118 0119 Section 2 – Scope. 0120 0121 a. License grant. 0122 0123 1. Subject to the terms and conditions of this Public License, the Licensor 0124 hereby grants You a worldwide, royalty-free, non-sublicensable, non-exclusive, 0125 irrevocable license to exercise the Licensed Rights in the Licensed Material 0126 to: 0127 0128 A. reproduce and Share the Licensed Material, in whole or in part; and 0129 0130 B. produce, reproduce, and Share Adapted Material. 0131 0132 2. Exceptions and Limitations. For the avoidance of doubt, where Exceptions 0133 and Limitations apply to Your use, this Public License does not apply, and 0134 You do not need to comply with its terms and conditions. 0135 0136 3. Term. The term of this Public License is specified in Section 6(a). 0137 0138 4. Media and formats; technical modifications allowed. The Licensor authorizes 0139 You to exercise the Licensed Rights in all media and formats whether now known 0140 or hereafter created, and to make technical modifications necessary to do 0141 so. The Licensor waives and/or agrees not to assert any right or authority 0142 to forbid You from making technical modifications necessary to exercise the 0143 Licensed Rights, including technical modifications necessary to circumvent 0144 Effective Technological Measures. For purposes of this Public License, simply 0145 making modifications authorized by this Section 2(a)(4) never produces Adapted 0146 Material. 0147 0148 5. Downstream recipients. 0149 0150 A. Offer from the Licensor – Licensed Material. Every recipient of the Licensed 0151 Material automatically receives an offer from the Licensor to exercise the 0152 Licensed Rights under the terms and conditions of this Public License. 0153 0154 B. Additional offer from the Licensor – Adapted Material. Every recipient 0155 of Adapted Material from You automatically receives an offer from the Licensor 0156 to exercise the Licensed Rights in the Adapted Material under the conditions 0157 of the Adapter's License You apply. 0158 0159 C. No downstream restrictions. You may not offer or impose any additional 0160 or different terms or conditions on, or apply any Effective Technological 0161 Measures to, the Licensed Material if doing so restricts exercise of the Licensed 0162 Rights by any recipient of the Licensed Material. 0163 0164 6. No endorsement. Nothing in this Public License constitutes or may be construed 0165 as permission to assert or imply that You are, or that Your use of the Licensed 0166 Material is, connected with, or sponsored, endorsed, or granted official status 0167 by, the Licensor or others designated to receive attribution as provided in 0168 Section 3(a)(1)(A)(i). 0169 0170 b. Other rights. 0171 0172 1. Moral rights, such as the right of integrity, are not licensed under this 0173 Public License, nor are publicity, privacy, and/or other similar personality 0174 rights; however, to the extent possible, the Licensor waives and/or agrees 0175 not to assert any such rights held by the Licensor to the limited extent necessary 0176 to allow You to exercise the Licensed Rights, but not otherwise. 0177 0178 2. Patent and trademark rights are not licensed under this Public License. 0179 0180 3. To the extent possible, the Licensor waives any right to collect royalties 0181 from You for the exercise of the Licensed Rights, whether directly or through 0182 a collecting society under any voluntary or waivable statutory or compulsory 0183 licensing scheme. In all other cases the Licensor expressly reserves any right 0184 to collect such royalties. 0185 0186 Section 3 – License Conditions. 0187 0188 Your exercise of the Licensed Rights is expressly made subject to the following 0189 conditions. 0190 0191 a. Attribution. 0192 0193 1. If You Share the Licensed Material (including in modified form), You must: 0194 0195 A. retain the following if it is supplied by the Licensor with the Licensed 0196 Material: 0197 0198 i. identification of the creator(s) of the Licensed Material and any others 0199 designated to receive attribution, in any reasonable manner requested by the 0200 Licensor (including by pseudonym if designated); 0201 0202 ii. a copyright notice; 0203 0204 iii. a notice that refers to this Public License; 0205 0206 iv. a notice that refers to the disclaimer of warranties; 0207 0208 v. a URI or hyperlink to the Licensed Material to the extent reasonably practicable; 0209 0210 B. indicate if You modified the Licensed Material and retain an indication 0211 of any previous modifications; and 0212 0213 C. indicate the Licensed Material is licensed under this Public License, and 0214 include the text of, or the URI or hyperlink to, this Public License. 0215 0216 2. You may satisfy the conditions in Section 3(a)(1) in any reasonable manner 0217 based on the medium, means, and context in which You Share the Licensed Material. 0218 For example, it may be reasonable to satisfy the conditions by providing a 0219 URI or hyperlink to a resource that includes the required information. 0220 0221 3. If requested by the Licensor, You must remove any of the information required 0222 by Section 3(a)(1)(A) to the extent reasonably practicable. 0223 0224 b. ShareAlike.In addition to the conditions in Section 3(a), if You Share 0225 Adapted Material You produce, the following conditions also apply. 0226 0227 1. The Adapter's License You apply must be a Creative Commons license with 0228 the same License Elements, this version or later, or a BY-SA Compatible License. 0229 0230 2. You must include the text of, or the URI or hyperlink to, the Adapter's 0231 License You apply. You may satisfy this condition in any reasonable manner 0232 based on the medium, means, and context in which You Share Adapted Material. 0233 0234 3. You may not offer or impose any additional or different terms or conditions 0235 on, or apply any Effective Technological Measures to, Adapted Material that 0236 restrict exercise of the rights granted under the Adapter's License You apply. 0237 0238 Section 4 – Sui Generis Database Rights. 0239 0240 Where the Licensed Rights include Sui Generis Database Rights that apply to 0241 Your use of the Licensed Material: 0242 0243 a. for the avoidance of doubt, Section 2(a)(1) grants You the right to extract, 0244 reuse, reproduce, and Share all or a substantial portion of the contents of 0245 the database; 0246 0247 b. if You include all or a substantial portion of the database contents in 0248 a database in which You have Sui Generis Database Rights, then the database 0249 in which You have Sui Generis Database Rights (but not its individual contents) 0250 is Adapted Material, including for purposes of Section 3(b); and 0251 0252 c. You must comply with the conditions in Section 3(a) if You Share all or 0253 a substantial portion of the contents of the database. 0254 0255 For the avoidance of doubt, this Section 4 supplements and does not replace 0256 Your obligations under this Public License where the Licensed Rights include 0257 other Copyright and Similar Rights. 0258 0259 Section 5 – Disclaimer of Warranties and Limitation of Liability. 0260 0261 a. Unless otherwise separately undertaken by the Licensor, to the extent possible, 0262 the Licensor offers the Licensed Material as-is and as-available, and makes 0263 no representations or warranties of any kind concerning the Licensed Material, 0264 whether express, implied, statutory, or other. This includes, without limitation, 0265 warranties of title, merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, non-infringement, 0266 absence of latent or other defects, accuracy, or the presence or absence of 0267 errors, whether or not known or discoverable. Where disclaimers of warranties 0268 are not allowed in full or in part, this disclaimer may not apply to You. 0269 0270 b. To the extent possible, in no event will the Licensor be liable to You 0271 on any legal theory (including, without limitation, negligence) or otherwise 0272 for any direct, special, indirect, incidental, consequential, punitive, exemplary, 0273 or other losses, costs, expenses, or damages arising out of this Public License 0274 or use of the Licensed Material, even if the Licensor has been advised of 0275 the possibility of such losses, costs, expenses, or damages. Where a limitation 0276 of liability is not allowed in full or in part, this limitation may not apply 0277 to You. 0278 0279 c. The disclaimer of warranties and limitation of liability provided above 0280 shall be interpreted in a manner that, to the extent possible, most closely 0281 approximates an absolute disclaimer and waiver of all liability. 0282 0283 Section 6 – Term and Termination. 0284 0285 a. This Public License applies for the term of the Copyright and Similar Rights 0286 licensed here. However, if You fail to comply with this Public License, then 0287 Your rights under this Public License terminate automatically. 0288 0289 b. Where Your right to use the Licensed Material has terminated under Section 0290 6(a), it reinstates: 0291 0292 1. automatically as of the date the violation is cured, provided it is cured 0293 within 30 days of Your discovery of the violation; or 0294 0295 2. upon express reinstatement by the Licensor. 0296 0297 c. For the avoidance of doubt, this Section 6(b) does not affect any right 0298 the Licensor may have to seek remedies for Your violations of this Public 0299 License. 0300 0301 d. For the avoidance of doubt, the Licensor may also offer the Licensed Material 0302 under separate terms or conditions or stop distributing the Licensed Material 0303 at any time; however, doing so will not terminate this Public License. 0304 0305 e. Sections 1, 5, 6, 7, and 8 survive termination of this Public License. 0306 0307 Section 7 – Other Terms and Conditions. 0308 0309 a. The Licensor shall not be bound by any additional or different terms or 0310 conditions communicated by You unless expressly agreed. 0311 0312 b. Any arrangements, understandings, or agreements regarding the Licensed 0313 Material not stated herein are separate from and independent of the terms 0314 and conditions of this Public License. 0315 0316 Section 8 – Interpretation. 0317 0318 a. For the avoidance of doubt, this Public License does not, and shall not 0319 be interpreted to, reduce, limit, restrict, or impose conditions on any use 0320 of the Licensed Material that could lawfully be made without permission under 0321 this Public License. 0322 0323 b. To the extent possible, if any provision of this Public License is deemed 0324 unenforceable, it shall be automatically reformed to the minimum extent necessary 0325 to make it enforceable. If the provision cannot be reformed, it shall be severed 0326 from this Public License without affecting the enforceability of the remaining 0327 terms and conditions. 0328 0329 c. No term or condition of this Public License will be waived and no failure 0330 to comply consented to unless expressly agreed to by the Licensor. 0331 0332 d. Nothing in this Public License constitutes or may be interpreted as a limitation 0333 upon, or waiver of, any privileges and immunities that apply to the Licensor 0334 or You, including from the legal processes of any jurisdiction or authority. 0335 0336 Creative Commons is not a party to its public licenses. Notwithstanding, Creative 0337 Commons may elect to apply one of its public licenses to material it publishes 0338 and in those instances will be considered the "Licensor." The text of the 0339 Creative Commons public licenses is dedicated to the public domain under the 0340 CC0 Public Domain Dedication. Except for the limited purpose of indicating 0341 that material is shared under a Creative Commons public license or as otherwise 0342 permitted by the Creative Commons policies published at creativecommons.org/policies, 0343 Creative Commons does not authorize the use of the trademark "Creative Commons" 0344 or any other trademark or logo of Creative Commons without its prior written 0345 consent including, without limitation, in connection with any unauthorized 0346 modifications to any of its public licenses or any other arrangements, understandings, 0347 or agreements concerning use of licensed material. For the avoidance of doubt, 0348 this paragraph does not form part of the public licenses. 0349 0350 Creative Commons may be contacted at creativecommons.org.